History Summarized: The Normans (Ft Shadiversity!)

History Summarized: The Normans (Ft Shadiversity!)


This video is brought to you by Nord VPN! More on that later This may sound nuts but at one point the Vikings directly and indirectly owned land in Russia, France, England, Italy, and the Levant in addition to, you know, all of Scandinavia See, when the Vikings started they were all for raiding, pillaging, and telling Columbus to suck it because they got to America first But after a couple centuries passed, they realized that trade networks were much more lucrative in the long term than rolling up to sack some random monastery once Beyond that, they decided that the real power move wasn’t wrecking stuff but building stuff Scandinavian colonization was a huge enterprise during the Viking Age And their longships, truly the S tier of medieval seafaring if I do say so myself, carried them to the British Isles, the northern coast of Europe, Iceland, Greenland, and beyond But one Viking colony stands above the rest for being the coolest and the most historically consequential And it’s the Normans To find out just how these magnificent badasses left a massive mark on the northernmost and southernmost edges of Europe, let’s do some history The story of the Normans starts with the typical raiding In France especially; the fragmented Kingdom had Swiss cheese for defenses so the usual move was to politely ask the Vikings “Hey, can we just bribe you guys to leave us alone?” and the answer was often yes but after the better part of a century and a couple excursions as far inland as Paris, King Charles finally said “Hey, can we bribe you and give you lands to finally leave us alone? Please?” and the Vikings were thrilled to accept These Scandinavian raiders-turned-colonisers occupied a stretch of land along the English Channel now known as Normandy because the Normans (aka ‘North men’) lived there Part of the deal was that these settlers would convert from their icky Norse paganism to Christianity and as a more natural consequence, they started speaking French and assimilating into the local population and it was good for both parties Since the Normans had most of the swords, and therefore most of the bargaining power they were able to get some serious autonomy from under the French crown and the French got the heavy consequence of having a Viking buffer state, meaning no more raids for real this time I’d go into more detail on why their military was so effective against an established kingdom like France but Medieval warfare isn’t really my strong suit. But let’s try this: *ahem* Swords! (Shad) SWORDS! (Blue) Aha! Shad from the aptly named channel Shadiversity Just what I was hoping for (Shad) Wow. I had no idea though I probably should not be surprised that my love for swords could carry me into the cartoon dimension (Blue) Your love for swords truly knows no bounds (Shad) Yeah, it is my special speed dial. That and knights. And castles. And dragons So, what did you call me for, mate? (Blue) The Normans. Can you help me out? (Shad cackling) Absolutely. I’m sure you’d do the same for me if I was in your position (Blue) Indeed. Should you by chance ever make a video about ancient Greek weapons and armour? I would gladly lend my services (Shad) Indeed (Blue) Indeed! Anyway the Norman army? (Shad) Ah, yes the N– Back in three dimensions The Normans For the most part the Norman army was actually not equipped too differently to the other armies that we see in Medieval Europe during this time You see, when it comes to Medieval weapon technology when people see something that’s working, they jump onto that and they pick it up fairly quickly For instance, one of the advancements that we see in this period was a shift away from the classic round style shield to a really cool shield, a shield I love, one that I feel is the best shield of all time the kite shield the kite shield offers more protection, it is almost as versatile and generally far better on cavalry because it offers overall more protection but it also provides more ways in which to strap the shield onto your arm and the strap configurations of the kite shield are by far far more numerous than many other types of shields A big round shoulder can actually become fairly awkward when on horseback It isn’t to mean that round shields were not used on horseback, they were, but they were generally smaller And in regards to the kite shield, you will actually notice that it’s thinner than your average round Viking style shield, and longer this again making it far more effective while on horseback The interesting thing, though, is that the kite shield is a very effective shield while on foot and what we can actually learn from looking at the Bayeux Tapestry the English who fought the Normans were using the kite shield as well, more predominantly on foot The English didn’t have any cavalry and that’s really one of the main distinctions But looking at the weapons and armour, the English had kite shields, the Normans had kite shields they were generally armoured in the same way we’re looking at mail hauberks generally coming down to the elbow but we do see on the Bayeux Tapestry certain soldiers in mail that actually covers full arms and legs, so full extensive mail was still being developed as early as this period mail coifs, skullcaps, nasal helmets, they were certainly being used and as to the primary weapon that the infantry would be using and indeed the cavalry as well the spear By far the spear is the most prominent weapon by the Norman army and the English army But it wasn’t the only weapon after the spear we certainly see a lot of axes, and swords would be far less prominent Probably the least prominent weapon on that battlefield that you would easily identify it’s like “ha I’ve got a sword!” you know what I mean The distinctive thing about the Norman army was the cavalry And archers, but archers weren’t too decisive The big difference was the cavalry (Blue) Now that we have an army, let’s take a look at their literal crowning achievement the Norman Conquest I’m skipping over some of the politics of it because the entire concept of hereditary monarchy is a gigantic farce But basically after the King of England died, there were three claimants to the throne There was the new English King Harold Godwinson the current Norwegian King Harald Hardrada and finally Duke William of Normandy, clad in the plot armour of ten thousand protagonists So in 1066, Godwinson takes the throne and the two other guys prepare an invasion Now, while Hardrada and William were both Scandinavian in origin, the Normans were being rebellious teenagers and didn’t care what their Scandinavian parents said about stealing entire kingdoms But, like all teenage kingdoms, the Normans procrastinated and the Norwegian Vikings made landfall in England first And they got completely stomped in the Battle of Stamford Bridge losing almost three-quarters of their army The bad news for Harold Godwinson was that he himself had lost around half his army in true Pyrrhic and/or Marvel fashion take your pick But the worst news came just three days later when Surprise! William of Normandy showed up in the South of England to take his turn at killing people for some shiny headgear So Harold booked it down to Hastings with an exhausted and half-dead army. To see how it all unfolds, we now go live to field reporter Shad who’s broadcasting from the actual Battle of Hastings! (Shad) Uhh, no? I’m not at the Battle of Hastings. (Blue) Did you, um, did you not get my time machine in the mail? (Shad, stuttering) T-t-time machine?! No! (Blue) Yikes! Okay… I’m gonna call the post office to find out where that one went But you, um… you talk about that battle thingy yeah… The first thing to mention about the Battle of Hastings is that it is a misconception to think that Harold came down to fight William directly after his fight with Hardrada In actual fact, Harold was celebrating his victory when he found out about the Norman invasion and it took him a week to march down to England and then he spent an additional week raising soldiers to face him William and the Normans had actually hunkered down in Hastings, they were not moving up And if Harold wanted he could have spent more time raising more troops, which would have been beneficial But he had just come off this big massive victory, and so we think he might have been a bit too overconfident And he also wanted to come in and hit William while he was unprepared use the element of surprise And so he actually left when he had an army roughly about the same size as William and just marched down The problem is William found out about Harold’s approach and then deployed his own troops ready to meet him Harold then found out about that and then picked a location on top of the hill to form a defensive line and this is the setting for the Battle of Hastings The English army was comprised solely out of infantry and in contrast to this the Norman army was comprised out of archers, infantry, and cavalry in three separate groups based on the geographical location they came from that being the Bretons, Normans, and Flemish And yes, the Norman army was not solely comprised out of Normans Cavalry was of course used before the Medieval period but it takes a lot of money to field a cavalry And so with the fall of Rome and a more decentralized system of governments that we see around this point in time there is no state fielded cavalry unit, but you can field cavalry on a smaller scale through individual Lords and this does seem to be what William did There are huge advantages with cavalry and the widespread adoption of cavalry in the medieval period after the Battle of Hastings seems to indicate that other people started to get the idea But poor Harold didn’t have this idea yet Now, he didn’t have archers either, but that’s not necessarily a bad thing because with a big shield wall, you can defend yourself against archers which is exactly what they did when William let loose those arrows Williams sent in his infantry, which had to attack uphill they clashed with the English and it was mostly even Harold had more infantry than William but he didn’t send them to engage the flanks of the Norman infantry perhaps because that would have made them vulnerable to William’s archers The cavalry then engages, and this is nowhere near as decisive as many people assume they were not actually fully effective in this first engagement They were not heavy cavalry with big lances, fully armoured that they could just rush in and try and trample a whole formation of men Remember, these guys, they have big shields and spears, okay so sending in cavalry charging like that would be suicidal Instead, it’s far more likely that the cavalry harassed the English by running up with higher elevation and launching spears over the line of shields of the English yet still the English held The true decisive moment in this battle was when the Normans started to lose or we think they started to lose it could have been a planned retreat, we actually don’t know but this is really what determined the victor the Normans lines start to retreat and those English engaging them pursued and broke formation This wouldn’t have been so bad in a usual battle but the issue is the Normans have cavalry and now you have a retreating line of Normans, and English pursuing that are vulnerable on the sides Their shields are not faced on the sides, and the cavalry that are already engaging the infantry staying on the hill They look and they all see open Englishmen charging against their own infantry vulnerable, open, ready to be destroyed, and that is exactly what happens The cavalry charge in on the sides of these pursuing English infantry and just wipe them out This unbalances the battlefield tremendously The English are now outnumbered and the Normans push in and it’s just a matter of time Eventually the English leaders are killed off one by one and the entire army is routed, and they retreat So you could say the English lost because most of the troops were untrained and they broke formation when they shouldn’t have been, which was actually contrary to Harold’s order And those men could have retreated perhaps because they also didn’t understand the vulnerability they had moving forward like that, to cavalry that are ready to just charge in and destroy them So there we go, this is how the English were defeated in the Battle of Hastings and why the Normans won So I’m back to you, Blue, and uh have you had any luck finding that package? (Blue) Yeah. So apparently I needed to write more than just ‘Australia’ on the package, go figure So somebody’s gonna have an interesting weekend Anyway, after earning his epithet ‘The Conqueror’ William turned around and got started governing his new kingdom He first kicked out the disjointed feudal aristocracy and replaced it with a more bureaucratic assortment of mostly Normans which helped centralize the English state And this was par for the course for William since he did much the same thing in his earlier years as a Norman Duke While the commoners still spoke their old Anglo-Saxon sounding language the Norman aristocracy all spoke French and in time the two merged to create what we understand to be English And that’s why our language is full of Romance vocabulary such as ‘language’, ‘romance’, and ‘vocabulary’ The Norman influence also explains why that transition is so fast compared to what came after We started with Beowulf’s practically illegible Old English in 1000 and got to Chaucer’s weird but sensible Middle English 400 years and coincidentally one metric ‘the Normans’ later But English hasn’t really changed all that much since On the British side of Europe the Normans reached out to dabble with Wales, Scotland, and Ireland but let’s keep things on topic and talk about the other Norman conquest that of southern Italy In the centuries after Rome kicked the bucket and the bucket kicked back Southern Italy became the piñata of the Mediterranean Everyone took a swing at it, hoping to crack it open and get the metaphorical imperial candy that lay within but no one could make a unified state, so instead it was just kind of beat up like this awful piñata metaphor I’m starting to regret But the point is, the whole sea was fractured and Southern Italy was a microcosm of that splintering between the Catholic, Byzantine, and Muslim powers That all changed when the Normans walked into the peninsula like “what up? I got a big cavalry” and conquer the fragmented south from the Muslims, Byzantines, and Catholics At one point they defeated the Pope’s army and then profusely apologized after They may be conquerors but they always remembered their manners The trickiest part of the campaign was the push into Muslims’ Sicily in 1064, two years before Hastings But they called off the entire campaign because their camp was full of spiders which is enough to make anyone either leave or napalm the entire island Six years later they tried again and won and another six years later the southern half of Italy was firmly Norman But here’s the kicker in the process of building up this newly unified kingdom of Sicily the Normans created an open and tolerant society where Catholics, Greek Orthodox Christians, and Muslims all lived and worked together It’s the same trick the Normans pulled in France, in England, and now in Italy it’s almost like assimilating cultures makes you better off for something In addition to their military and their innovation in governments and scholarship the more tangible remnants of this Norman legacy lie in the architecture of castles and churches Now Shad, I understand you have a passing interest in castle design So why don’t you take this one? (Shad) It will be my pleasure Now, to begin there’s actually a lot of complexity to the employment and use of castles why they were built, why they are so good at what they do so I’m gonna have to try and summarise and keep it brief which is really difficult for me, if you know anything about me Fundamentally, castles enable a small force to be able to repel a very large force but in this instance, it also enables a small force to retain control over a very large area indeed, over an area of people who might not be too happy with the new rulers Now remember, the local population far outnumbers any force that William has so he needs a way to multiply his offensive ability to control this unruly, newly conquered land So this is how castles can be used offensively They’re not just a defensive structure, they can be used offensively, and this is exactly how by placing one plunk right in the middle of an area you want to control you have a small force but they they can’t be taken out because they are so well protected And then they can strike out in force at the times they determine to collect taxes or quell uprisings and things like that and then if the unruly populace wants to try and attack back, oh they have to deal with is castle and that’s a problem because it takes a very large number Not to say it didn’t happen. There were times in which the English actually rose up and rebelled and did overrun some of these early castles But those uprisings were costly, because they had to deal with a castle, and were quickly squashed The most classic type of castle in this period is known as the motte-and-bailey The motte being a large earthwork with a defensive tower on top of it and a bailey is an enclosed kind of secured section separate to it which were made out of wood, by the way but William himself did actually start to build some stone square keeps So stone castles at least in part, did exist even as early as after the Battle of Hastings I’ve made a whole video on the weaknesses and problems with motte-and-bailey castles and why they evolved to be something different But why were they specifically made this way to begin with? I actually believe it’s because of the Norman Conquest that actually happened quite recently They needed a defensive thing built up quickly And so the motte needed to be built first and foremost this is the most offensive and defensive part of this castle Especially if the populace are gonna catch wind of this and want to stop them doing it they need to build this thing quickly So the motte was done first because if you wanted to build the whole thing, the bailey with at the same time, it would take longer but once you have the motte, you’re well defended, you’re ready to go and then you can take a bit more time to secure any other buildings that you want to add or attach close to this motte There are examples where a castle was just a motte and tower by itself and ones that actually had more just a bailey kind of enclosure with some type of tower But eventually the motte-and-bailey design did go out of favour and evolved to be far more effective in the more traditional castle layout and design Yet still, we can credit the Normans for kicking off castle construction majorly that set up the foundation for castles throughout the whole Medieval period (Blue) And on the other side of that was more spiritual construction, where the Normans were also prolific In particular, the Cappella Palatina in Palermo is a masterpiece of design combining styles from all over the Mediterranean Inscriptions appear in Arabic, Greek, and Latin Byzantine mosaics mix with Arabesque geometry it’s truly gorgeous And there are loads of other places in Norman Italy where you can still see how dedicated they were to building a morally and socially strong society beyond just a militarily strong line The Normans also built the cathedrals of Monreale and Palermo which, at the risk of gushing about it for another 15 minutes, I’ll just show you these pictures and move on Norman Sicily was also a capital of Mediterranean scholarship as their good friends the Byzantines and the Muslims were both going through golden ages One achievement that I’m quite fond of is the Tabula Rogeriana a map created by a Muslim scholar based on the accounts of Norman traders It’s a triumph of cartography and cultural anthropology And, independent of the Normans, whether it’s scholarship or art or what-have-you my favourite settings in history will always be the ones where cultures converged. There’s nothing more satisfying than seeing multiple civilizations bring their A-game It’s unique and it’s fun and it’s difficult sometimes but it is worth it, damn it! So, insane as it may sound, the Normans went even further afield than Italy as they conquered Antioch during the First Crusade But I’m stretching myself a little bit thin here so let’s return to where this all started A century after William’s conquest England, under the House of Anjou, had doubled back to swipe up half of France And in 1202 France set out to make France France again so they reconquered Normandy from England which kicked off about 600 years of the two powers absolutely hating each other The politics are actually way more complicated than that but now I’m just stretching myself thin here by talking about English and French history, and I can be here all day So I think the takeaway here is that the Norman legacy is way bigger than any one nation and their success lies in how far they spread, how thoroughly they laid their foundations, and how gradually they faded into the background Even when Normandy, England, and Southern Italy stopped being ruled explicitly by the Normans, the effects of that history remained firmly rooted in place for centuries The Normans were fighters, yes I mean, these are the descendants of Vikings we’re talking about here But through exploration, trade, state-building, building-building, and a drive to assimilate they became so much more than just that So, I mean, yeah conquering huge swathes of land is cool but have you ever established a network of interconnected kingdoms that bring out the best of local cultures and lay firm groundwork for centuries of continuous governance that would subtly but powerfully drive the course of European history? Because if not, you’re really missing out! So, Shad, what do you think about all this? (Shad) Well, I think it is profoundly interesting I mean, who would have thought descendants of Vikings would have built kingdoms ranging as far as England and Italy It’s amazing (Blue) It’s like if Venice was actually good at colonisation (Shad) Or the Romans, if they had any restraint (Blue) Oof, truth hurts. Regardless, always a pleasure to have you on the channel Thanks for stopping by and helping me out with all this Medieval stuff (Shad) Thanks for having me, Blue And you know, you should spend more time looking at the Medieval period because do you know what you’ll find? Swords! We have so many swords, it’s unbelievable You get a sword, I get a sword, everyone gets a sword! It’s great! Anyway, I hope to see you there, and until then farewell (Blue) The Normans sure got around back in the day But if you want to make like a Viking and travel the world through the magic of the interwebs look no further than today’s topical sponsor, Nord VPN As we engage more and more with the online world and as cyber sleuths get better and better at stealing my goddamn credit card information last month (irritated huff) It’s only getting more important to protect your data and a secure Virtual Private Network is a great way to do that as I write these words I’m in a cafe on public Wi-Fi, which can normally be pretty risky But as far as my digital self is concerned I’m safe and secure way over in Denmark with just a couple easy clicks Nord VPN is offering you 75% off a three-year plan and a free bonus month if you go to (link in the description) Free VPN sounds nice but in reality can be extremely shady so trust your information to the military-grade encryption of Nord servers It also comes with an ad blocker, which is just a cool bonus but it’s not only a matter of security With Nord you can access content from around the world with a click So when you go to Greece for the summer, you can watch American Netflix after you realize that the Greek Netflix doesn’t have the Medici show that I was in the middle of watching before I was so rudely interrupted by the confines of world geography So anyway, whether you’re on a laptop or your phone, your data is worth protecting So head on over to (link) and use the code OVERLYSARCASTIC to get 75% off three years of secure data Thanks against Nord VPN And for more globe-trotting goodness hop over to Australia to check out my appearance in Shadiversity’s video on Ancient Greek weapons and armour

100 comments

  • Matthias Davis

    oh i love the skyrim background music

    Reply
  • Anthony Ding

    BOO. Shad didn't mention MACHICOLATIOOOOOOOOONNNNSSSSSS! once when talking about castles.

    Reply
  • Always LuvedToBeLuved

    Wow I didn't know the Mormons had such an impactful efect on history. Oh, wait, damn it dyslexia!

    Reply
  • Vulpesen Zorro

    Watched this in no small part due to the knowledge that somewhere in the 1100;s my family was norman lords. Learning that I may or may not be related to Vikings is pretty damned cool as well as the rest of the story of my norman heritage. Thanks Y'all for the interesting breaakdown of what might be my very family history, and learning how awesome it is with one of my other favorite youtubers. Though I think I've gotta say, (even if I'm half a year late), if you want to get a hold of viking history, maybe reach out to Skallagrim. Shad is amazing and great for medieval, but if I remember correctly, Skall is the Viking of the ancient weapon trio. Shad being English/French/Main European, and Metatron being the Japanese(Samurai) channels.

    Reply
  • Zanneel Mixmaster

    Being 75% scandinavian, and possibly even having Norman ancestry, this is relevant to my interests.

    Reply
  • Cognition Gnosis

    What were the ancient languages of Italy ?

    Reply
  • William Burkes

    Castles and forts give a military force a distinct advantage over superior numbers

    Reply
  • Jynexe

    Assimilating cultures works really well… sometimes.

    Generally, cultural similarities (like all being Italian and living similar lives except with different religions) means assimilation = good. Problems come up when you have, let's say, Europeans and Native americans. They have nothing in common and all attempts to assimilate are really just cause for one side to be fucked over. Neither side wants to assimilate because theres no common group to assimilate towards which causes a whole buncha issues.

    Another take on the same events could be that mass migration is problematic. If Europeans would have migrated slowly to the Americas, they may have assimilated more effectively… or not… who knows. But in any case, the theory here is slower migration is less forceful and more effective. .

    Reply
  • Smudolini the Great Dragobear

    Uhhhh! I wanna try as well: Ahem…. SWORDS AND CASTLES!

    Reply
  • Jelle van Breugel

    liked the morrowind music on the background 😀

    Reply
  • Tom Patterson

    normandy? I think you mean britain, as william moved the capital to london

    Reply
  • IDK Psycho

    Anyone notice the Skyrim music in the background

    Reply
  • 4c1dr3fl3x

    Christendom: "It takes a Village to raise a child"
    Meanwhile, in Scandanavia: "It takes a Norse child to raze a village", or rather "Well, that village ain't gonna pillage itself!"

    Reply
  • Roflmoo Moo

    Skyrim music in the background around the 11:10 mark had me thinking I'd left my game open.

    Reply
  • Kaarli Makela

    The Frenchified Normans embraced the Parisian Germanic Power Christianity with all its Celtic love of bloody Roman order and it5 mythic authority. In a nutshell …

    Reply
  • RedyRiseUp

    7:07 England is my city?

    Reply
  • Rodguy

    These guys are definitely gay for each other

    Reply
  • Dominic Carrea

    Fun Fact: before getting absolutely destroyed by Harold Godwinson and the English, Harald Hadrada served in the Varangian guard for the Byzantine Empire and managed to conquer Sicily for them.

    Reply
  • H-to-O

    Wait, I thought William was a “big balls, tough guy”?

    Reply
  • Ryan Jones

    S w o r d s

    Reply
  • Azrael Redeemed

    well now i just want to play Skyrim

    Reply
  • Ves

    You've used Skyrim music. Damn…

    Reply
  • Христо Мартунков, граф Лозенски

    That Assassin's Creed Brotherhood music in the background though.. <3

    Reply
  • Jacob Tuck

    Man I got a hit on nostalgia when that Skyrim music kicked in at around 11 minutes

    Reply
  • Dapper Enderman

    The Normans laid the foundations for the empire on which the sun never set

    Reply
  • Bumbling Bureaucrat

    The Normans actually did not speak French because they spoke Norman. France did not start speaking French until the Age of Absoluteism and it wasn't until after WW1 that the many minority languages of France began to properly die out (quite literally)

    Reply
  • Carter Bellard!

    Anyone else hears the assassin's creed music

    Reply
  • Mr. MetalArm

    5:55 "~Hardrada calls to war,
    away on Angland shore
    To claim his right upon the throne.
    But a greedy Saxon thane
    thinks to call himself a king,
    and claim the Anglish crown his own.~"

    Reply
  • Anne Marie

    Not gonna lie, I was hella confused about "Hardrada" bc I couldn't remember learning about that particular viking in school – then googled it and realised you're talking about the guy we call Harald HardrÅdE… translations are exhausting 😂

    Reply
  • griff rhys

    The Normans conquered Ireland, Cypress and Malta as well.

    Reply
  • Skeleton Rowdie

    I love your channel man.. I am so gonna support you with a small tithe!

    Reply
  • David E

    Shad in Australia and scal in canada

    Reply
  • Konahrik

    Fuckin Norman's

    Reply
  • DaBomJr

    Why would you abandon the sword? The Gladius had conquered for centuries.

    Reply
  • dork xx

    bigger crossover than endgame

    Reply
  • Lady in Red

    Am I the only one hearing Skyrim music?

    Reply
  • J M

    The Normans Is Greek Name 🤣🤣🤣🤣

    Reply
  • Nicholas Lainez

    Me: Blue here is better bait "MACHICOLATIONS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
    Shad: Hello
    Me: See?

    Reply
  • The Cuttlefish

    Love the Skyrim music in the background

    Reply
  • Javier Añón

    Normans were not Vikings anymore , that’s bullshit. They had Viking ancestry obviously , but their Viking ancestors heavily intermarried with the local Gallo-Roman-Frankish population of northern France, they spoke French , denying their Frenchness is silly. I think that false idea was invented by the English , who hated the notion of having been conquered by Frenchmen… the idea of being conquered by Vikings seems more palatable to them.

    Reply
  • Da Sword Of Gork

    THE NORMANS ARE NOT FRENCH!

    Reply
  • Julian Bell

    I only use NormanVPN

    Reply
  • Tiger Monkey

    We have a saying in Irish about the Normans, and it roughly translates to something like “ they became more Irish then the Irish themselves”

    Reply
  • Nick Campbell

    Recruit the mormon to teach about normons

    Reply
  • Cam Laffy Taffy

    subbed

    Reply
  • Fouts Marc

    The Queen of England is related to William the Conqueror, therefore Odin save the Queen!

    Reply
  • Vianny R

    Deep breath

    SWOOOOOOOOOORDS!

    Reply
  • Flynn Mandrake

    0:45 Hey, I was there once

    Reply
  • Teal Golem- Gaming Anime Reviews, Games, and More

    People barging into your videos is getting to Extra History levels of leaving the door open

    Reply
  • Christian Pipp

    the Queen of England is a descendant of Normans, Vikings still rule England

    Reply
  • Red Guardian

    You: and the coolest

    Kievan Rus’: excuse me

    Reply
  • Angie Kelley

    You should have yelled machicolations.

    Reply
  • Jadzia Gonzalez

    The Skyrim soundtrack really did it for me

    Reply
  • BlackDeathViral03

    Ah yes Hereditary Monarchy, the means by which the descendants of the past ruler can try to be the next ruler as long as they can actually enforce their claim.

    Reply
  • Rob Cummings

    Gotta love the skyrim music

    Reply
  • Jonathan Simms

    And then shad did a bad

    Reply
  • Angel Chronicles

    SWOOORRRDDSSSS XD

    Reply
  • Maelstrum yes

    CASTLE DROPS THE GUY WHO RECEIVED THE TIME-MACHINE

    Reply
  • Grant Mitchell

    1100 – Oblivion music?

    Reply
  • Ambiguous1 Colonel

    That skyrim background music tho

    Reply
  • D. Pollett

    Christ the minute he shows up he's already on the bloody kite shield

    Reply
  • margaret walters

    My Grandfather’s family came over to England with William the Conqueror (the name is on the battle abbey rolls) and the patriarch at that time might have been a cousin/brother/nephew? (Some relation) of William. We know all this because some guy in 1899 wrote a book on the ancestry of his family (a side of our own family).

    Reply
  • Trey Hall

    In wonder if Hello Future Me got the time machine?

    Reply
  • Rinsablehalo860

    5:43 naruto reference why I love I love this channel plus better crossover than endgame

    Reply
  • Bilis

    12:49 I notice this dude likes to point out things like this every time he can, yeah multiculturalism is wonderful and you love it, we get it.

    Reply
  • LordGigaIce

    Blue states he finds the concept of hereditary monarchy absurd

    Boy. Your personal politics don't dictate what is and isn't important historically. Like it or not A LOT of history has been shaped by dynastic struggle. You don't get to gloss over it because it offends your modern sensibilities.

    Reply
  • Skarthi Thorgils

    I don't know how you got off saying the Normans ruled Russia, maybe that's why you left that bit out, eh?

    Reply
  • William Delaporte

    Shads enthusiasm is infectious

    Reply
  • Mileonas Lionclaw

    17:23 Did someone say crusade? *Plays the last stand by Sabaton*

    Reply
  • Donna D'Rose

    I thoroughly enjoyed the Normans! I learned so much history I never learned in college or high school! And that’s very upsetting because it’s my heritage!

    Reply
  • Zero Gravity

    I am enjoying being a Norman descendent right about now.

    Reply
  • Summer Pruett

    you guys always have the best music in your videos

    Reply
  • Nathan Lyrakis

    10:45 if anyone watches the big lez show, this explains why the Sasquatches are like time travellers, it's cuz they have blue's time machine

    Reply
  • Jonathan Swavely

    Love the Elder Scrolls music in the background

    Reply
  • Brian Fuller

    It's a valid point that Vikings were raiders , traders and colonizers. Further Normans were not Vikings.

    Reply
  • Rabbit B

    Gotta love the Skyrim music in the background….

    Reply
  • DanceTheSpears

    “Northmen” VS. The remnants of the Anglo-Saxon tribes.

    “WE ARE THE SAME PEOPLE, BUT FUCK IT, LET’S FIGHT!”

    Reply
  • Jeff McMurray

    “Whattup i got a big cavalry” – Sacklamore

    Reply
  • Freddie Harris

    Blue's pronunciation of Post Office(st) sticks out far more to me than it should do.

    Reply
  • NK_33

    LOOK! A dragon made of swords, and what's it wearing, machicolations?
    Ow. He's much louder in person.

    Reply
  • _Rarted _

    Elder Scrolls music is PERFECT for this video.

    Reply
  • Fire Feather

    Are the normans the reason britain hates france?

    Reply
  • Joseph Horacek

    "if you're french, what are you doing in england?"
    "mind your own business!"

    Reply
  • Nefarious Pixel Blood

    Don t use a VPN if you want privacy, it wont work…. ask any hacker, it doesn't change your IP, it just masks it… use Tor or I2P or even better use Parrot-Sec Linux, Tails OS, Whonix, Ipresia OS, Qubes OS or the like.
    NordVPN Privacy Statement Sec.2:
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    Said information may also include: Server load information. We monitor the server performance in order to recommend the most suitable servers to our customers. Customer service information. NordVPN.com stores inquiries and communications with users through the Contact Us and Community Area pages. Cookies. NordVPN.com uses a few types of different cookies to improve the user experience on the website, such as: Google Analytics for statistical assessment and website performance improvement; Affiliate cookies to identify the customers referred to the Site by our partners, so that we can grant the referrers with commissions; Cookies for personalizing the content of the Site for users, such as setting the default language.

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    your pedaling snake oil.
    I’ll stay subbed because your content is good, but ima thumb down every video you post where you spout off about snake oil salesmen (nordvpn). I understand you need a sponsor, but don't lie about your sponsors… properties. Say what it can do and move on, dont spout off what it cant do and what it isn't.

    Reply
  • Juanita D. F. Trevino

    I love the age of empires and skyrim background music

    Reply
  • DomK

    William also had to get the approval of the pope before he could kill King Harold Godwinson. The pope approved.

    Reply
  • peter pan

    The Normans conqured the city of Tripoli in north africa too blue 😂

    Reply
  • Antraeus

    "The Concept of Hereditary Monarchy is a Complete Farce" Somebody sounds bitter, damn. This guy clearly doesn't understand.

    Reply
  • Jack Parker

    Skyrim OST in the backround fits the content

    Reply
  • Hopper Mantis

    I come from an old norman family that went to the new world. To become South Carolina to later create a Another Nation…. knew nothing about Norman's other than our entire family are mostly RH Negative.

    Reply
  • Krupam

    11:42 That's debatable. The spelling barely changed, but if you heard spoken Middle English, it's unlikely that you'd understand a thing.

    Reply
  • LeftoverPat

    "More on that later"

    Reply
  • Jack McConnell

    It’s not really correct to simply call the normans Vikings (mostly because the vikings were not an actual people) but also because they had really mixed into French culture at this point, and were a blend between the two rather than just ‘vikings’

    Reply
  • Илиан Тодоров

    Ah the story of the good old Billy the Bastard became king. BTW "assimilating" is the key word, not creating a self segregated ghettos that looks like threatened hedgehog every time outsider approaches it and that is it is modern to do in EU currently.

    Reply
  • Isaac Matthews

    And then later in the 100 Years War the descendants of William would massacre the French by changing the rules they helped create.
    Call the English what you will be you can't deny that the theory of nearly anything involving politics was basically their slave for the better part of the their history.

    Reply
  • Skillus Eclasius II

    Proof that colonisation isn't always bad.

    Reply
  • kittehdrawrs

    "That's a nice head on you're shoulders"

    Reply
  • Atreides

    5:35 Actually there were 5 but 2 of them teamed up, took a tiny bit of land, got bored, and gave up so yeah, lets just stick with 3.

    Reply
  • BlackEpyon

    7:21 Dat Harold seems a little "bigheaded," if ya know what I mean.

    Reply
  • Otto Benthaus

    Russiaaaaaaaa

    Reply

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