UNSOLVED Archaeological Mysteries NOBODY CAN EXPLAIN!


From strange walls in the middle of nowhere
to unexplainable manuscripts, here are 8 fascinating unsolved archaeological mysteries. 8. CLEOPATRA’S TOMB Cleopatra VII was the last and arguably the
most well-known of the Ptolemies, a series of Egyptian rulers that ran the ancient empire
from 305 B.C. to 30 B.C. She went down in history for her beauty and
intelligence, and for her famous love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, both of
whom she had children with. It’s also a well-known fact that after Cleopatra
and Mark Antony were defeated by their former ally, Octavian, (Julius Caesar’s adopted
son), at the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C., the two committed suicide. It is believed they were buried together near
a temple of the Egyptian goddess Isis, in a tomb that was described by writer Plutarch
as “lofty and beautiful.” But nobody knows exactly where this tomb is
located, other than that it’s somewhere near modern-day Alexandria. The city was hit with a huge tidal wave around
1,000 years ago, which took much of Alexandria’s artifacts with it. Since 2009, an elusive excavation has been
being carried out at Taposiris Magna, a tomb 25 miles west of Alexandria by noted Egyptologist
Zahi Hawass, along with criminal lawyer-turned-archaeologist Kathleen Martinez. But the mission has largely been kept on the
down-low for several years, with the researchers limiting the information they provide the
curious public with, despite a PBS docu-series having been made about the project. One unfortunate possibility the explorers
and hopefuls must accept is that the tomb may not have been found because it may have
been emptied by grave robbers – an all-too-common problem among ancient Egyptian ruins. And if robbers did find it, they aren’t
telling anyone. 7. ATLANTIS Scientists, researchers, and explorers have
searched, and continue to search, for the lost city of Atlantis, to no avail. Atlantis was originally written about by Plato
in 360 B.C. Plato described Atlantis as a once-booming hub of naval power that sank
catastrophically into the ocean some 10,000 years ago as the result of a hugely tragic
but unidentified event. And because the people were getting punished
by the gods for their selfish and bad behaviour. Sunken ruins have been discovered all around
the world and it’s possible, or even likely, that more will continue to be found. But some researchers sincerely doubt the existence
of Atlantis, and its possible location remains an equal mystery. People have claimed to have discovered Atlantis
in many places, including the Bahamas, the Greek Islands, Cuba, Spain, Morocco and even
Japan, but all these claims proved to be unfounded, and no definitive proof exists that Atlantis
was ever a real place. According to National Geographic, Atlantis
is, indeed, a mythical place, and many researchers have classified it as fictional. But the legend persists, so why is that? One possible reason is because Plato’s writings
were highly influential, as evidenced in their continued role in modern academia. Perhaps it’s difficult for people not to
believe everything the wise man had to say. James Romm, a professor at Bard College, blames
the human imagination, stating “It’s a great myth. It has a lot of elements that people love
to fantasize about.” Or maybe, just maybe, Atlantis really did
exist, and we just haven’t found it yet…As you know, there are a lot of people looking
for it!!! 6. ANCIENT ANIMAL TRAPS Until recently, archaeologists were puzzled
about a series of lines throughout the eastern Sinai Desert in Israel, Egypt, and Jordan
since their discovery in the early 20th century by British Royal Air Force pilots flying overhead. The lines, which have been nicknamed “kites”
because of their shape, are made of low stone walls. They’re somewhere between 2,300 and 2,400
years old, and in some places throughout Jordan, form chains up to 40 miles long. These lines remained a mystery for a while. Finally, in 2010, researchers figured out
the purpose of the strange lines, which were abandoned 2,200 years ago. The low, long walls were used to funnel wild
game, such as gazelle, into small killing pits, simplifying the hunting process by enabling
the killing of large numbers of prey at once. Uzi Avner of Ben-Gurion University-Eilat in
Israel mentioned in an interview with Discovery News that learning the uses of the walls has
shed light on how our ancient ancestors were more knowledgeable about animals and sophisticated
with construction than they were previously given credit for by the scientific community. Before, some researchers believed that the
walls were used to corral domesticated animals – a notion that has been largely abandoned. The kites were built specifically in accordance
with the migration routes of various species of wild animals and were specialized for particular
animals. They weren’t herding their sheep but most
likely using it to hunt herds of wild animals instead. Why were the walls abandoned? According to Dani Nadel, a kite researcher
from the University of Haifa, Israel, a shift in subsistence strategies or climate change
may have been factors. 5. THE COPPER SCROLL TREASURE The Qumran caves are famously known as the
site where some of the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1952. But one lesser-known item was found alongside
them: an ancient copper scroll thought to describe the existence of a hidden, massive
hoard of gold and silver. The copper scroll dates back to a time when
the Roman Empire controlled the Qumran region – approximately 2,000 years. It’s considered the final of the 15 Dead
Sea Scrolls. Experts estimate that the scroll was probably
written sometime between 25 and 75 A.D. and they speculate that the treasure was likely
hidden sometime during the First Jewish War. Sixty-four supposed locations of hidden treasure,
which researchers believe may weigh thousands of pounds, are detailed in the text. So that’s next for treasure hunters, I’m
sure!! The text also mentions a duplicate document
that archaeologists have yet to discover. Calculations done in the 1960’s determined
that over 1 billion dollar’s worth of treasure could be hidden. Researchers believe that the alleged gold
mine was hidden by the area’s residents to ensure it remained out of Roman hands during
one of the local population’s frequent revolts against the empire. Attempts to locate the treasure have been
unsuccessful thus far, and some scholars doubt that it even exists or think it was already
found. The Copper scroll is on display in the Jordan
Museum in Amman if you are looking for some clues. What do you think? Is the treasure still out there? Or do you think it has already been found
by treasure hunters? Let me know in the comments below!! 4. THE HOBBIT In 2003, remains of one of the earliest human
species, Homo floresiensis, were found on the Indonesian island of Flores. The remains of the extinct species date back
to somewhere between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago. It wasn’t the first set of hominid remains
ever found, nor was it the oldest. What made this discovery so unique was the
size of the remains. The 30-year-old woman was just three-and-a-half
feet tall and quickly earned the nickname “the Hobbit” from the people who discovered
her. At first, scientists believed that the individual
had suffered from a condition called microcephaly, because of her small head and short stature. But they later realized, upon discovering
more skeletons, that the entire species of hominid was likely small on average. They had small brains, large teeth, receding
foreheads, no chins, and shoulders that shrugged forward. These little people used stone tools, hunted
large rodents and small elephants, and may have even used fire. They also lived amongst threatening predators
such as the giant komodo dragon. It’s possible that the species suffered
from a condition known as island dwarfism, which results from spending long periods in
isolation, but they may have already been small when they arrived on Flores. To this day, experts aren’t sure where Homo
floresiensis falls on the family tree of human ancestors. 3. VOYNICH MANUSCRIPT The Voynich Manuscript is a book written in
an unknown alphabet and contains a series of bizarre images and diagrams. It was possibly written in northern Italy
during the Italian Renaissance in the early 15th century. The odd book was discovered in 1912 when it
was purchased by a book dealer named Wilfrid Voynich, after who it has been named. There are around 240 pages of the book remaining,
and some of the pages are foldable sheets. Included in the books images are medicinal
herbs, naked women, and Zodiac signs. The text is written from left and right, but
little else is known about it. So far, nobody has been able to decipher the
book, including American and British codebreakers from both World Wars. This inability to decode the mysterious book
has earned it a famous place in the history of cryptography. More recently, history researcher and TV writer
Nicholas Gibbs claimed to have cracked the code, as well as AI, but scholars still claim
that they have just added to the confusion and not really deciphered it. The commonly-accepted timeline of ownership
of the Voynich Manuscript can be traced as far back as when it was allegedly in the possession
of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II. However, some experts and armchair cryptographers
believe the book is nothing more than a Renaissance-era hoax – or, even, that Voynich himself created
the book. In 2016, Spanish publisher Siloe created 898
identical replicas of the original, with plans to sell them for a hefty $8,000-9,000 each,
proving that even if the original is a hoax, it’s extremely valuable! The book was donated to Yale University’s
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript library in 1969 by its then-owner Hans P. Kraus, and
remains there today. 2. THE KHATT SHEBIB In Jordan, there’s a 66-mile-long wall that
has been a source of confusion for archaeologist ever since its discovery in in 1948. Nobody knows who built it, when, or why. Sir Alec Kirkbride, a British diplomat living
in Jordan, was the first person to report the wall. While flying overhead, he saw “stone wall
running, for no obvious purpose, across country.” As of 2016, the wall’s remains were being
investigated by archaeologists with the Aerial Archaeology in Jordan using aerial photography. In some sections, portions of the wall run
side-by-side, and in others, it branches off. If missing sections of the wall were filled
in, it would extend for some 93 miles total. The wall is in ruins, but experts have determined
that even in its heyday, it couldn’t have been much more than a half-meter wide and
a meter tall. The researchers also found 100 or so towers
along the wall, some of which were constructed after the wall was built. People likely used the small structures as
overnight refuges, for hunting, and as watchtowers. Based on pottery found inside the towers,
scientists believe the wall was built sometime between 312 B.C. and 750 A.D. It may have been built by a kingdom or emperor
that ruled Jordan during that period, but it also could have been constructed by communities. While experts are able to somewhat speculate
regarding when the wall was built, and by whom, they’re completely stumped about why. It’s a short wall, so it’s unlikely that
it was erected for defensive purposes. The closest they’ve come to a possible explanation
for the wall is that it marked a boundary between nomadic pastoralists and ancient farmers. 1. GOBEKLI TEPE On a hill at the northern edge of the Fertile
Crescent in Turkey lies Gobekli Tepe, a site containing massive, 11,000-year-old carved
stones that predate Stonehenge by 4,000 years. The large stone pillars that have been excavated
weigh between seven and ten tons and are arranged in rings measuring up to 65 feet in diameter. While some of them are blank, others contain
detailed carvings of animals such as lions, vultures, scorpions, and foxes. During the 1960’s, archaeologists from the
University of Chicago and Istanbul University examined the site. They noticed some broken slabs of limestone
and dismissed the location as a medieval cemetery. In 1994, the site piqued the curiosity of
German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who traveled there after reading about the limestone-covered
hill. Schmidt could tell by the shape of the gently-sloped
hill, which rises 50 feet above the surrounding landscape and is unlike the steep plateaus
nearby, that he was looking at something man-made. A year later, Schmidt returned with five colleagues
and they got to work digging up the ancient stones. In addition to the pillars, the archaeologists
found tools, including stone hammers and blades. However, they did not find any signs of a
settlement that have been discovered at nearby sites of the same age, such as houses, trash
pits, clay fertility figurines, or cooking hearths. The most telltale signs about how the people
of Gobekli Tepe lived have been found in the animal bone fragments discovered there. According to Joris Peters, an archaeozoologist
who has examined over 100,000 of the bones at Gobekli Tepe, many of the bones contain
marks and splintered edges, indicating that the animals were likely butchered and cooked. The bones belonged to wild animals and the
site was conspicuously absent of any remains of domesticated animals, meaning it was probably
a hunter-gatherer site. Archaeologists have mapped the huge site using
ground-penetrating radar and geomagnetic surveys and will be unearthing the megaliths for years
to come, despite starting the excavations over two decades ago. As of 2008, only five percent of the site
had been uncovered. The discovery of Gobekli Tepe challenges long-held
theories about the evolution of civilization. Experts historically believed that people
lacked the time, resources, and organization to build temples and support complicated social
structures until after they began living in settled communities. However, the findings at Gobekli Tepe suggest
that, perhaps, the coordinated and extensive effort required to build the monoliths prepared
prehistoric tribes for life in complex societies. That’s all for now, but we’ll be back
soon with the next exciting video about historical mysteries, so don’t forget to hit that “subscribe”
button and I’ll see you next time!! Thanks for watching. Byeeee!!

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